Anti-Semitic bullying and attacks increased in 2013 the world over, an American study said on Thursday. Over the last few years, the number of countries where Jews are persecuted by individuals or governments has increased, according to a study by the Pew Research Center. It was 77 in 2013.
Around 39% of the 198 countries studied had recorded this type of bullying, compared to 29% in 2009. This figure is now at its highest, and has been going up constantly for the last years, according to the Pew.
In Europe, attacks by individuals or social groups were recorded in 34 countries out of 45.
However, the number of countries that saw bullying due to religion in general by individuals – vandalism, destruction of sacred texts, attacks, murders etc – went down in 2013 the world over, from 33% in 2012 to 27% in 2013.
The number of countries where tight restrictions are put in place by the government – bans, discriminatory measures, obligatory censuses – has stayed more or less the same, just over a quarter of the countries.