November 2022 was fifth hottest in European history

November 2022 was fifth hottest in European history
Credit: Belga / Jasper Jacobs

November 2022 was the fifth hottest month ever recorded in Europe, the EU’s Earth Observation Programme, Copernicus, announced in its monthly report on Wednesday. November this year was almost 1.4℃ warmer than the average in Europe, the data reveals.

The most abnormally elevated temperatures were recorded in western, south-eastern, and the extreme north-east of Europe, compared to the yearly average.

“Temperatures have been mild in many ocean regions, particularly in the seas of Northern European and the North Atlantic. Other marine areas which have experienced above-average air temperatures include the western Mediterranean and most of the neighbouring oceans of Antarctica,” said Carlo Buontempo, director of Copernicus.

Copernicus is closely monitoring the evolution of these temperatures. This unusually warm November follows a growing trend for high temperatures. This year, Europe had its third warmest autumn, about 1℃ warmer than average. This increase in temperatures was mostly observed in the west of Europe, where there are “particularly high temperatures.”

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On a global level, this November was 0.2℃ hotter than the average recorded between 1991 and 2020.

To limit global warming to 1.5℃ above pre-industrial levels, the global economy would need to achieve a 45% decrease in emissions. Currently, the world is far from achieving this target, and there will likely be a temperature increase of 2.6℃ by the end of this century, the UN has warned.

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