Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the burning of fossil fuels went down significantly by 2.6% in the European Union (EU) in 2018 compared to 2017, Eurostat, the EU’s statistical office stated on Wednesday in a press release. CO2 emissions were lower in 2018 in most EU member states, according to Eurostat’s initial estimates, published on Wednesday.
The biggest decrease was in Portugal(-9.0%), followed by Bulgaria (-8.1%), Ireland (-6.8%), Germany (-5.4%), Netherlands (-4.6%) and Croatia (-4.3%). Belgium itself recorded a decrease of 0.3% in its CO2 emissions over the same period, Eurostat continued.
Increases were recorded elsewhere in eight EU member states: Latvia (+8.5%), Malta (+6.7%), Estonia (+4.5%), Luxemburg (+3.7%), Poland (+3.5%), Slovakia (+2.4%), Finland (+1.9%) and Lithuania (+0.6%).
CO2 emissions contribute significantly to global warming, accounting for approximately 80% of all greenhouse effect gas emissions in the EU. They are influenced by factors like climatic conditions, economic growth, population size, transport and industrial activities, the statistical office states.