Global consumption of legumes, root vegetables and tubers is projected to increase by 1.9% annually from now until 2028, according to an OECD-FAO report published on Monday, which also expects the worldwide increase in meat consumption to continue.
The growth forecast for lentils, broad beans and dry beans, significant sources of protein, is the highest among basic food products, according to the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2019-2028.
Global cereal consumption should grow by just 1.2% per year over the 10-year period, while that of animal products, meat, and dairy products is expected to increase by 1.7%, and sugar and vegetable oils consumption is projected to go up by 1.8%.
The report stresses that in the next 10 years, the demand for agricultural commodities will depend in particular on the needs of an increasing, wealthier world population.
In Asia, for example, where per capita incomes should go up sharply by 2028, annual meat consumption is projected to increase by 5kg per capita in China and 4 kg in Southeast Asia, the experts note.
Most of the increase will have to do with poultry and pork, the two types of meat most consumed in the region. Per-capita beef consumption should rise by 0.5 kg per year in the period under review, reaching an average of 4 kg.
In South Asia, on the other hand, increased incomes will lead to higher demand for dairy, sugar and vegetable oil products. Dairy products and legumes will remain the biggest sources of protein in this region.
Pakistan should see the highest increase in the consumption of dairy products in the world, with an expected progression of 42kg per capita by 2028.